What is Orthopedic Oncology?
Orthopedic oncology is the diagnosis and treatment of primary benign and malignant tumors of the musculoskeletal system – the bones and soft tissues, as well as metastatic disease to the skeleton.
Bone and soft tissue sarcomas are some of the rarest malignant tumors treated. This means that orthopedic oncologists must be highly specialized and expertly trained. It also means that treatment plans should be individualized to the exact case and circumstances of the patient. Due to the rarity of this type of cancer, there are a limited number of orthopedic oncologists practicing in the India.
Metastatic disease is more common. These are tumors that have started in another organ and have spread to the bone. Sometimes bones affected by metastatic disease need to be reinforced or replaced.
Orthopedic Oncology Treatments
Because some tumors of the musculoskeletal system can be cancerous, while others can be benign, a biopsy may be needed to determine if further treatment is needed.
Treatment can include removing the tumors and reconstructing the bones to help restore mobility and relieve symptoms. Limb salvage surgeries to reconstruct the limbs, pelvis, bones, and joints are often performed with combinations of artificial joints and bone grafts.
Our team of specialists uses the latest technology to accurately diagnose and treat every patient with the goal of destroying the disease while preserving function.
Soft Tissue Sarcomas
Soft tissue sarcomas are cancerous tumors that can develop from fat, muscle, nerve, fibrous tissues surrounding joints, blood vessels or deep skin tissues. They can develop anywhere in the body, including the arms or legs, trunk, head and neck area, internal organs, or the back of the abdominal cavity.
Bone tumors may be noncancerous or cancerous. Noncancerous bone tumors are more common than cancerous ones. Both types may grow and compress healthy bone tissue and absorb or replace it with abnormal tissue.
Cancer that develops in the bone, referred to as primary bone cancer, is not the same disease as cancer that spreads to the bone from another part of the body. Primary bone cancer is rare, with approximately 2,500 new cases diagnosed each year in the India. More commonly, bones are the site of tumors that result from the spread of cancer from another organ such as the breast, lungs and prostate.